Lesson Two: Rise of the Dynasties
🏛 Lesson Overview 🏛
In this lesson, we will explore the Rise of the Dynasties in Ancient Egyptian Civilization. We will delve into the Egyptian Time Periods, including their unique calendar with 30 days in a month, 12 months in a year, and the addition of 5 extra days. Additionally, we will learn about the 31 Dynasties that ruled Egypt from 3000 B.C. - 30 B.C. and their classification into historical periods. We will examine the Early Dynastic Period, where Upper and Lower Egypt were united, and the Old Kingdom, where the Pharaohs were deified and supposedly "immortal." We will also explore the First Intermediate Period, where administrative nobles took power, and the Middle Kingdom, where political power returned to the Pharaohs. Moreover, we will learn about the Second Intermediate Period, where Egypt was invaded by foreign forces, and the New Kingdom, where Ahmose began the Egyptian Empire, which conquered Canaan and parts of Asia Minor. By the end of this lesson, you will:
- Gain an understanding of the significant political and historical events that shaped Ancient Egypt.
Check For Understanding ✅
Answer Explanations 📝
Question One: Answer: B) Great house. Explanation: The term "Pharaoh" means "great house." It referred to the rulers of Egypt during the Dynastic Periods.
Question Two: Answer: B) Old Kingdom. Explanation: The Giza pyramids were built during the Old Kingdom (2700 – 2200 B.C.), a time when pharaohs were deified and considered "immortal."
Question Three: Answer: C) The invasion of Lower Egypt by the Hyksos people. Explanation: The Second Intermediate Period (1700 – 1550 B.C.) began with the invasion of Lower Egypt by the foreign Hyksos people.
Question Four: Answer: A) Battle of Megiddo and Battle of Kadesh. Explanation: During the New Kingdom (1550 B.C. – 1100 B.C.), two significant battles took place: the Battle of Megiddo (1457 B.C.) and the Battle of Kadesh (1274 B.C.).
Question Five: Answer: A) Pharaoh Ramesses II and Hittite King Muwatalli II. Explanation: The peace treaty signed after the Battle of Kadesh was between Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II and Hittite King Muwatalli II.